According to recent statistics, diabetes mellitus (diabetes) is one of the diseases with the highest rate of complications, among chronic forms. If people with diabetes do not follow the diet and treatment regimen of their doctor, they will be very susceptible to dangerous complications. Here are four common and serious complications that affect a person’s quality of life.
People with diabetes have a relatively high risk of kidney disease
The kidneys are one of the most important organs in the body. Unfortunately for people with diabetes the disease they are carrying increases the risk of kidney failure.
It is also for this reason that diabetes is considered a “disease of the century”. The complications it left affect directly the organ system, only in a short time. Accordingly, the disease prevents food absorption and metabolic processes. Too high levels of glucose in the blood will damage the blood vessels in the kidneys, reducing the filtering function. Without timely medical intervention, patients will be very susceptible to kidney failure.
People with diabetes are more likely to have kidney disease.
Kidney complications are arguably one of the worst complications that can happen in a person with diabetes. Therefore, patients need to strictly adhere to the diet, limit salty food and especially perform routine urine tests. Kidney disease, if detected early, has a higher chance of recovery.
Relationship between diabetes and foot disease
When you have diabetes, the body’s infections will be many times more difficult to recover. Especially in the foot area. The foot is the part in direct contact with the ground, so it is easy to be penetrated by harmful agents.
Therefore, foot disease is also counted as one of the common complications of diabetes. This is the term used to describe painful swelling, inflammation and worst, necrosis of the skin of the feet. The disease not only affects the aesthetics but also makes the sufferer suffer from pain and difficulty in walking.
Arthritis of the feet.
The patient needs good personal hygiene, avoiding bare feet on the ground, especially protecting feet when there are open wounds. In the event of an injury to the leg by a foreign object, the patient should immediately see a doctor for treatment.
Cardiovascular disease in people with diabetes
Only about the size of a ripe apple, but we need our hearts to live. Statistics show that the percentage of people with diabetes often die from heart failure, and this is also an extremely dangerous complication of the disease.
Diabetes has cardiovascular disease complications.
Long-term diabetes will adversely affect the functioning of the cardiovascular system. Specifically, patients will be very susceptible to atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction, and most importantly, stroke. Usually, when cardiovascular complications have complications, it is difficult to cure completely. Patients may have to live with a “vulnerable heart” for life.
Periodontal complications in people with diabetes
Periodontal is a specialist word used to refer to the inflammation of the tooth around the tooth. If not treated promptly, the patient can lose teeth permanently. Clinical studies show that, diabetic patients at risk of periodontal disease 1.5 times higher than others. The reason is that the increased blood sugar will affect the body’s gums-protecting activities. At this time, the bacteria will easily penetrate and form a dense mucous membrane. If not removed in time, gum infections will become more and more severe and cause periodontal disease.
To protect the oral health, people with diabetes need to pay attention to brush their teeth 2 times a day (you can brush one more time at noon). After eating acidic foods, rinse your mouth with salt water. If detecting signs of periodontal disease such as sharp pain in the teeth, swollen gums … the patient should see a doctor as soon as possible.
Diabetes can be very dangerous if the patient neglects to take care of their health. More dangerous, the disease will cause many acute and chronic complications that impair the function of life of the patient. It can even lead to death. Therefore, patients need to proactively check blood sugar periodically and adhere to the doctor’s treatment regimen.